Friday, 15 August 2014 10:45

Mongolia celebrates the 75th anniversary of Khalkhin Gol Battle

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75th_anniversary_of_Khalkhin_Gol_battleThe Government of Mongolia issued Resolution 61 in 2014, to celebrate the historic 75th anniversary of the Battle of Khalkhin Gol. The Ministry of Defense of Mongolia and Ulaanbaatar City Administration held a press conference to present information about the series of events to celebrate of the historic anniversary.

The celebration was launched nationwide last May. On the occasion of the 75th anniversary of the victory at the Battle of Khalkhin Gol, the 100th anniversary of the births of Khalkhin Gol Battle heroes, L.Dandar, Ts.Olzvoi, L.Gelegbaatar, and B.Dorj were commemorated at their birth places and monuments were erected for them.

A “Combat Friendship Path” tour and meeting was organized in collaboration with the Russian Military Districts of Buryatia, Irkutsk, and Baikal Region. Organizers of the celebration say there will also be an essay writing contest on the theme of the historic Battle of Khalkhin Gol among students.

There is also an ongoing campaign to restore historic statues and monuments dedicated to the Battle of Khalkh Gol victory and the heroes who devoted their lives to the victory launched in the city.

The Government of Mongolia also issued a resolution to provide a compensation for veterans who took part in the Battle of Khalkh Gol worth of two million tugriks.

The celebration of the Khalkhin Gol Battle victory will convene in Ulaanbaatar, on August 23rd said the Press and Public Relations Office of the Ulaanbaatar City Administration.

It is believed that during his official visit to Mongolia on September 3rd, 2014, the Russian President Vladimir Putin will also pay a respect to monument of Soviet and Mongolian soldiers.

Program to celebrate the 75th anniversary of the victory of the Battles at the Khalkhin Gol

- August 18, 2014 at 10:00 am - Press Conference, Ministry of Defense

- August 20, 2014 at 12:00 pm - Opening of “Victory at Khalkhin Gol – 75” Exhibition in Mongolian Military Museum

Welcoming youths from Russian Irkutsk and Ulan-Ude cities, organizers are hosting tours and meetings in provincial regions of Mongolia themed “On the Road of Soldiers Friendship”

- August 19, 2014, Tour Selenge aimag by Mongolian-Russian Youths

- August 20, 2014, Tour to Darkhan-Uul aimag by Mongolian-Russian Youths

- August 21, 2014, Tour to Orkhon aimag by Mongolian-Russian Youths

- August 22-23, 2014, Tour to Ulaanbaatar City by Mongolian-Russian Youths

- August 24, 2014, Tour to Khentii aimag by Mongolian-Russian Youths

- August 25, 2014, Tour to Dornod aimag by Mongolian-Russian Youths

- August 25-28, 2014, Tour to Khalkhin Gol(Khalkhgol) Sum, Dornod Aimag by Mongolian-Russian Youths (special program)

 

- August 22, 2014 - International Science Conference dedicated to the 75th anniversary of the victory of the Battles of Khalkhin Gol by the Institute of Defense Study, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Mongolia and the Ministry of Education and Science

- August 22, 2014 at 10:00 am - Tour to Mongolian Military Museum and Museum of Georgy Zhukov by official guests, delegates and veterans

- August 23, 2014 at 11:00 am-12:00 pm - Laying wreaths to Zaisan Memorial, Monuments of G.K.Zhukov, L.Dandar and J.Lkhagvasuren

- August 23, 2014 at 02:00-03:00 pm - Ceremonial Meeting at the Central Cultural Palace

- August 23, 2014 at 03:00-05:00 pm - Ceremonial Concert, Central Cultural Palace

- August 23, 2014 at 02:00-05:00 pm - Exhibition, Central Cultural Palace

- August 23, 2014 at 06:00 pm - Gala Dinner, Ulaanbaatar Hotel

- August 23, 2014 at 09:00 pm - Evening Entertainment at the Sukhbaatar Square

- August 23, 2014 at 10:00 pm – Fireworks at the Chinggis Square

- August 25, 2014 - Mongolia-Russia Joint Military Parade by participants of Russian-Mongolian joint “Selenge 2014” military exercise, Choibalsan, Dornod Aimag

The importance of the Battle of Khalkhin Gol

Military historians agree that the Battle Khalkhin-Gol was the battle that shaped WW2. Unfortunately, this epic battle that involved thousands of tanks, airplanes and soldiers standing against each other in a relatively small area is mainly forgotten or neglected in the western world.

In 1939 an unknown Soviet general named Georgy Zhukov trounced Japan at the Battle of Khalkhin-Gol in the Mongolian steppes, changing the trajectory of Japanese expansionism towards Pearl Harbour and Europe’s Asian colonies. The reasons for the spectacular Russian victories in Europe during WW II can be traced to a little-known but significant battle that took place in Asia a full two years before Adolf Hitler invaded the Soviet Union.

When Hitler finally invaded the Soviet Union in 1941 the Japanese, although tempted to join the attack, remembered the lessons of Khalkhin Gol and decided to remain on the sidelines, ensuring that the stretched Soviet military could focus its forces on just one front. This, in turn, meant that Nazi Germany was forced to fight a four year war on two fronts – against the Soviets in the East, and the British and Americans in the West.

Khalkhin-Gol had two major results. One, it secured Russia’s backdoor. Japan’s imperial military realised it had seriously underestimated the Russians. It would never again threaten Russia. And indeed when Germany attacked, the Japanese – despite the temptation and Hitler’s pressure – stayed away.

Khalkhin-Gol also demonstrated the viability of Russian military tactics. A year after flinging the Germans back from Moscow, Zhukov planned and executed his offensive at the Battle of Stalingrad, using a technique similar to Khalkhin-Gol.

 

 

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